This post is all about Osteoarthritis and specially if it occurs in Foot and Ankle and you can find all the possible cures of the disease in this Article.
The joint damage associated with osteoarthritis causes swelling, pain, and deformity. As you get old, your chance of developing osteoarthritis increases. Here is information about how Osteoarthritis affects the foot and ankle and information you can use to help you manage this painful condition.
What Is Arthritis?
Arthritis is a term for a group of more than 100 diseases. “Arthritis” means “joint inflammation“. Arthritis involves inflammation and swelling around the body’s joints and surrounding soft tissue. The inflammation can cause severe pain and stiffness.
In many kinds of arthritis, progressive joint wear and tear occurs and the “Cushioning” cartilage in joints is slowly lost. The bones rub and wear against each other. Arthritis can be painful and eventually result in limited motion, loss of joint function, and deformities in the joints affected. Soft connective tissues in the joints also may begin to wear down.
What Is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis, or “wear-and-tear” arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis. Also known as degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis is more likely to develop as people get old. Inflammation and injury to the joint cause a damage of cartilage tissues, resulting in severe pain, swelling, and deformity. The changes in Osteoarthritis usually occur slowly over many years.
How Does Osteoarthritis Affect the Foot and Ankle?
Each foot has a total of 28 bones and more than 30 joints. The following are the most common foot joints affected the most by osteoarthritis:
The three most common joints of the foot that involve the heel bone, the inner mid-foot bone, and the outer mid-foot bone
The joint where the ankle and shinbone meet
The joint of the big toe and foot bone
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis:
Symptoms of foot and ankle osteoarthritis generally include:
- Severe pain.
- Stiffness in the joints.
- Reduced ability to move, walk, or bear weight
- Swelling in the joints.
How Is Foot and Ankle Osteoarthritis Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of foot and ankle osteoarthritis involve:
- Physical exam.
- A medical history.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
- CT scans.
How Is Foot and Ankle Osteoarthritis Treated?
Foot and Ankle osteoarthritis can be treated in a lot of ways. Most common is nonsurgical methods to treat foot and ankle arthritis include:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce swelling in the joints
- Steroid medications injected into the joints
- Pads supports.
- Arch Supports.
- Pain relievers.
- Inserts that support the ankle and foot.
- Canes or braces to support the joints
- Custom shoes.
- Physical therapy.
- Weight control.
Tips on Foot Care With osteoarthritis
The most important element of foot care for people with foot and ankle osteoarthritis is to wear shoes that fit and feel comfortable. The following are things to look for in finding a comfortable shoe:
- Shoes that have support — for example, no slip-on shoes
- Shoes shaped like your foot
- Rubber soles to provide more cushioning
- Proper fit: ask the salesperson to help you with this
Exercise can help keep your feet pain-free, strong, and flexible.
Exercises that can be good for your feet include:
- Big-toe stretch: Place a thick rubber band around your big toes. Pull the big toes away from each other and toward the other toes. Hold this position for five seconds and repeat the exercise 10 times.
- Achilles tendon stretch: Lean forward, leaving your heels on the floor. You can feel the pull in your Achilles tendon and your calf. With your palms flat on a wall, lean against the wall and place one foot forward and one foot back. Repeat this exercise three times, holding for 10 seconds on each repeat.
- Toe curl: Pick up marbles with your toes.
- Toe pull: Place a rubber band around the toes of each foot, and then spread your toes. Hold this position for five seconds and repeat the exercise 10 times.
Is Surgery an Option for Foot and Ankle Osteoarthritis?
Your doctor can select the kind of surgery that is best for you, depending on the extent of your arthritis. More than one kind of surgery may be required to treat foot and ankle Osteoarthritis. The following are some of the most important surgical options for foot and ankle osteoarthritis:
- Joint replacement surgery: This kind of surgery involves replacing the ankle joint with artificial implants and is used in rare cases.
- Fusion surgery: This kind of surgery, also called arthrodesis, involves fusing bones together with the use of rods, screws, or plates. After healing, the bones remain fused together.