In this article you are going to learn some facts about a very common disease known as diabetes mellitus.
Overview & Facts:
It is a disorder of metabolism, the way our bodies use digested food for energy. There are three common types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
What Is Diabetes?
Basically Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism the way our bodies use digested food for energy and growth. There is no cure for diabetes. People with diabetes need to manage their disease to stay healthy. Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin.
There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes.
Causes & Risk Factors:
Diabetes and Diet:
When you watch your diet because you have diabetes, you’ll want to pay special attention to carbohydrates, because it can affect your blood sugar level faster than protein or fat.
The glycemic index gives you a way to tell slower-acting “good carbs” from the faster “bad carbs.” You can use it to fine-tune your carb-counting and help keep your blood sugar more steady.
Are you confused about how much you can eat when you have diabetes? First you need to know how much food is that you are eating. It may be different from what you are expecting.
Diabetes and Alcohol
Drinking alcohol can readily cause your blood sugar to rise abruptly. Learn other effects of alcohol on diabetes, and how to drink safely.
Diabetes and Exercise
If you have diabetes, you know the importance of controlling your blood sugar. Strength training can also play a starring role, as simple moves done regularly can prompt your muscles to absorb more sugar. Exercise can improve it a a lot i.e muscle movements.
Managing Blood Sugar Levels
With diabetes, it’s important to avoid low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and high blood sugar (hyperglycemia).
How and When to Test Your Blood Sugar
Most people with diabetes need to check their blood sugar (glucose) levels regularly. The results help you and your doctor manage those levels, which helps you avoid diabetes complications.
Diabetes and Family Planning
Starting a family requires a bit more planning when you’re pregnant with diabetes. But you can take some simple steps to make sure your pregnancy and your baby are safe and healthy.
Diagnosis & Tests:
Diabetes are diagnosed with a fasting plasma glucose test, oral glucose tolerance test, or random plasma glucose test.
Diabetes Tests & Screening
A blood glucose test measures the amount of sugar, called glucose, in your blood. Glucose comes from food containing carbohydrates. It is the main source of energy used by the body.
Hemoglobin A1c Test
The hemoglobin A1c test is an important blood test that shows how well your diabetes is being controlled.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
Although doctors don’t routinely use it anymore, the oral glucose tolerance test is the gold standard for diagnosing type 2 diabetes. It’s still commonly used to diagnose gestational diabetes.
Urine Tests and Diabetes
Two simple tests that check your urine can help you and your doctor watch for kidney disease and severe high blood sugar.