Bell’s Palsy

Bell's Palsy

This article will be about a pathological disease Bell’s palsy which may be viral or caused by sore throat.

Overview

Sudden weakness that occurs on one side of your face should be checked by a doctor right away to rule out these more serious causes. Bell’s palsy is not actually the result of a stroke or TIA. Although stroke and TIA can cause facial paralysis, there is no link between Bell’s palsy and either of these conditions.

What is Bell’s Palsy

It is mainly caused by damage to the facial nerve that controls muscles on one side of the face causes that side of your face to drop. Bell’s palsy is a paralysis or weakness of the muscles on one side of your face.  The nerve damage may also affect your sense of taste. This condition comes on suddenly, often overnight, and usually gets better after rehabilitation.

Bell's Palsy

Bell’s Palsy

Causes of Bell’s Palsy:

In most cases of Bell’s palsy, the nerve that controls muscles on one side of the face is damaged by inflammation or by a cut during shave in males.The cause of Bell’s palsy is not clear. Most cases are thought to be caused by the herpes virus that causes cold sores.Many health problems can cause weakness or paralysis of the face. If a known reason cannot be found for the weakness, the condition is called Bell’s palsy.

Bell's Palsy

Bell’s Palsy

Symptoms of Bell’s Palsy:

  • It’s symptoms include,
  • Pain in or behind your ear.
  • Drooling.
  • Pain in or behind your ear.
  • Numbness in the affected side of your face.
  • Sudden weakness or paralysis on one side of your face that causes it to droop. It may make it hard for you to close your eye on that side of your face.
  • Increased sensitivity to sound.

Diagnosis of Bell’s Palsy:

Your therapist/doctor may diagnose Bell’s palsy by asking you questions, such as about how your symptoms formed. He will also give you a physical and neurological exam to check ‘facial nerve function‘. You might have to undergo CT scan, MRI or blood tests.

Treatment of Bell’s Palsy:

Treatment with medicines (prednisone) can make it more likely that you will regain all facial movement. They work best if they are taken soon after symptoms start. Sometimes antiviral medicines may be added to corticosteroid medicines to treat Bell’s palsy. But evidence for using antiviral medicines is weak. They may help in some cases, but in general they do not affect quick recovery.

It’s important to remember that most people with Bell’s palsy recover completely without any treatment in 1 to 2 months.1 This is especially true for people who can still partly move their facial muscles. But a small number of people may have permanent muscle weakness or other issues on the affected side of the face.

Rehabilitation or Physical Therapy of Bell’s Palsy:

Bell's Palsy

Bell’s Palsy

Your therapist will tell you various exercises that you can do at home to improve the activity of your facial muscles. Some of them are,as the nerve in your face begins to work again, doing simple exercises-such as tightening and relaxing your facial muscles may make those muscles stronger and help you recover more quickly. Massaging your forehead, cheeks, and lips with oil or cream may also help.